This could affect the distribution of seats in the House of Representatives and votes in the Electoral College.
The US Supreme Court on Monday heard arguments put forward at the initiative of President Donald Trump, seeking to exclude illegal immigrants from the general population, on the basis of which constituencies are allocated between states..
The hearings are held via teleconference; today’s meeting lasted 80 minutes. Currently, 6 out of 9 court seats are held by Conservatives, three of whom were appointed by Trump. It is planned to consider the case on an expedited basis so that the judges have time to make a decision before the end of the year. If the court supports Trump’s initiative, it will be difficult for President-elect Joe Biden to reverse it once he takes office..
The presidential directive is disputed by several states, cities and counties, as well as by immigrant rights organizations. They insist that if this plan is implemented, millions of residents will be left unaccounted for, as a result of which states such as California, Texas and New Jersey will lose their seats in the House of Representatives..
Constituencies are determined based on the size of the population of the state based on the results of the census, which is carried out every 10 years.
It is estimated that 11 million illegal immigrants live in the United States. Until now, all residents were counted in the census, regardless of citizenship or immigration status. The U.S. Constitution requires that seats in the House be allocated based on the total number of residents in each state.
The plaintiffs believe that the president’s initiative violates the Constitution and the Census Law. The president’s lawyers insist that he acted within the framework of his powers.
The number of seats in the House of Representatives for each state also determines the number of votes in the Electoral College, which determines the winner of the presidential election..
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The Supreme Court has started hearings at the trial &# 171; Trump vs. New York&# 187; according to the results of the population census
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Supreme Court appears skeptical of excluding undocumented immigrants from census
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Census results also affect the distribution of federal funding between states..
Last year, the Supreme Court ruled by five votes to four against the inclusion of citizenship in the census. Critics believed the question was intended to deter immigrants from participating in the census and artificially understate the population in areas sympathetic to Democrats..
Then the position of the liberal judges was supported by Chief Justice John Roberts. However, the recent appointment of another Conservative judge, Amy Coney-Barrett, changed the dynamics in the court..
Russian service &# 171; Voices of America&# 187;
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Journalist, reporter, columnist, producer; author and presenter of programs on Russian-language TV and radio; published over a thousand articles in various American publications; awarded for his work by the National Academy of Television Arts of the USA